Do I give the child to the sport?
Physical education is useful for adults, if the activity is chosen in accordance with the capabilities of a person and does not conflict with his chronic diseases. But when it comes to, opinions about the benefits of physical activity diverge. One has to hear that weak asthenic children do not need physical education, because they already feel dizzy. Girls have nothing to do in hockey - it's supposedly not feminine. Amazing fantasies are broadcast on the influence of sport on the future fertility of girls: stretching is detrimental to the future mother, strong muscles are ugly and incorrectly form the posture, and so on, and there is no end to these tales.
Studies that were conducted to study the image of the body in adolescents, showed a curious result. It is known that young men and women have a rather complex relationship with their own physicality, the acceptance of the characteristics of their body and its imperfections.
It was found out that teenagers who regularly go in for sports, estimate the constitution as "normal".And if you ask them to show their type of figure in the picture, they will choose “neither bad nor full,” regardless of their actual physique. While girls who are not involved in sports, are more likely to derogatory assessments of their own appearance.
Publication by Rachel Brathen (@yoga_girl)July 17, 2018 at 6:42 pdt
It turned out that the guys-athletes are less often teased at school. And they can be thin or strong, large build - this does not change the situation. However, the reasons for this conclusion have yet to be clarified: perhaps the fact is that among athletes, teenagers with “socially acceptable” bodies are more common. But it is possible that sport forms a more reliable and healthy relationship with its own physicality.
Do not forget about the sports in which the body mass index is approved, which is close to the lower limit of normal or overcoming this limit. This ballet, figure skating, artistic gymnastics. Alas, in these sports eating disorders and impaired body image among athletes are common.
Sport and aggression
“Contact sports make a child aggressive”, is another myth that anxious parents often broadcast. In fact, aggression is normal. It is worthwhile to be alert if the child is completely absent.The main problem for a teenager is to learn how to express his aggression in socially acceptable ways, without destroying himself or creating chaos around him.
Sport can be a way for the child to "legally" express their aggression in rivalry and sporting excitement. Psychologists and coaches noticed that martial arts (sambo, karate) help not only to direct aggression to a healthy channel, but also to “melt it down” into the ability to control one’s emotions.
Sport and risks
Does this mean that professional sports are the perfect choice for a child? Looks like no. In any case, the path of a professional athlete is not suitable for every child.
Studies show that the risk of sudden death among athletes is three times higher than that of other people. However, indicators of this type of mortality vary from country to country, and the very question of the reasons for the unexpected death of athletes requires detailed study. Perhaps it is a matter of congenital changes of the heart, which manifest themselves only during extreme physical exertion. Or maybe it's all about occupational diseases of athletes, for example hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, when the heart muscle expands so much that it ceases to cope with its function.
Publication by Gnome Gnomych (A. Plushenko) (@gnomgnomych)26 Aug 2018 at 8:57 PDT
Professional sport is a very specific way of life. It can lead to fame, self-satisfaction and a sense of need, but ... It is very likely that to chronic diseases and serious injuries too.
Some studies made by Russian scientists show that from 10 to 25% of training of professional athletes is conducted in a state of adaptation failure. This means that there is no talk of any health benefits and the athlete is in a state of immunodeficiency, overtraining, his level of the stress hormone cortisol in the blood is critically increased. This is the price of overcoming, about which so many and enthusiastically say fans of the big sport. The same researchers report that every sixth professional athlete experiences problems with sleep and anxiety.
There are children, as if born for a big sport: hyperactive, fearless, gambling. They are happy, becoming professional sportsmen. In any case, the business of parents is to track down signs of overtraining, chronic pain, and sometimes depression. In a big sport it is worth being ready for everyone.Including the fact that the child suddenly changes his mind to go to victories and decides to radically change the scope of activities.
How to avoid these problems? Probably the most sensible thing is to seek a middle ground, a sport for joy, not for victory. In a situation where a teenager loves the culture of hikkikomori - the philosophy of introverts who dream of living life in front of a monitor, there is no question about the problems of professional sports. There would motivate the little girl to walk half an hour in the nearest park!
Physical activity is necessary for the child. If it is chosen taking into account his hobbies, chances and chronic diseases (if any), one can not doubt: several trainings a week will help your son or daughter to develop better, both physically and mentally.