What is the EU?

The idea of ​​uniting Europe existed already several centuries ago, and the European Union (EU) was a kind of embodiment of this idea. To understand what the EU is, one should first turn to the history of the creation of this union.

EU history

Even after the Second World War, European states felt the need to combine their own resources and forces in order to be able to resist the growing power of the two superpowers: the Soviet Union and the United States. In 1951, the first European coal and steel union was created, it included six European states: Belgium, Germany, Italy, France and Luxembourg.

A little later, in 1957, at the initiative of the same countries, the European Economic Community was created, joined by nine more countries. As a result of the development, a common economic market was formed, interstate restrictions for participants on the integration of capital, goods or services were gradually eliminated, which had a very positive effect on the economic development of the EU member countries.

On March 1, 2002, a new currency was created operating in the territory of the European Union - the euro, which replaced the national money. However, not all countries that are part of the EU refused to use their own currency. Sometimes, trying to determine what the EU countries are, people are guided by the fact that the euro is used in this country or not. However, this is the wrong approach. For example, the Czech Republic is a full member of the EU, but Czech crowns operate on its territory.

EU policy

The goal of the European Union is the implementation of a common economic policy and the development of key benchmarks for macroeconomic indicators that should guide the national governments of EU countries. A system of bodies to ensure the effectiveness of the overall economic policy was created. These include the EU Council, the EU Commission, the European Parliament, the European Court of Justice, etc.

Much attention is paid to stimulating economic growth, as well as raising competitiveness in the global market of the countries of the EU. In addition to economic problemsThe European Union pays great attention to the eradication of poverty, the problem of the realization of human rights, ecology and environmental protection, gender equality, etc.

European Union programs

In addition to implementing programs to develop the domestic economy, the EU develops and implements programs to promote the development of international relations, as well as to assist developing countries. For example, in Africa, they are well aware of what the EU countries are, since the assistance of the European Union amounts to about 69% of the total foreign economic investment, which is used to develop the economy and increase the social security of citizens.

The European Union pays great attention to the quality of products, consumer protection, the development of agriculture and the support of agricultural producers.

Altogether, in the direction of the European Union, 12 areas can be distinguished, the development and interrelation of which should help accelerate overall economic progress and improve the quality of life. These areas include: environment and climate change, international trade, agriculture, security,employment problems and social policy, research and innovation, migration, energy, transport, agricultural development, development of information technology.