The most common mistakes when building a private house
Errors made by builders during the construction of the house, can later cause the developer a lot of trouble. The utmost attention to details and details will allow you to avoid additional financial costs, save time and nerves.
The construction of a house always begins with the drawing up of estimates with an orientation to the amount that construction companies indicate in the advertising brochures. However, the total cost of building a house on a turnkey basis often exceeds the amount initially allocated for construction at least 3 times. It is due to the fact that the estimate does not always take into account the work on the supply and installation of engineering networks and communications, as well as finishing work.
The foundation must be homogeneous - there should be no strip foundation reinforced with pillars! First, this design does not give the desired effect.Secondly, the pillars under the weight of the house restrain individual points of the tape during periods of freezing and displacement of the soil, which as a result leads to the destruction of the base. It is also important to correctly mark up so that the walls of the building are located clearly in the center of the foundation tape, excluding displacement. High-quality construction of cottages in Ryazan can be ordered on the website ermakk.ru - the most favorable conditions and professional approach.
On the waterproofing of the structure and its protection from the effects of melt, rain and groundwater is often overlooked. However, the formation of condensate and dampness in the house leads not only to the deterioration of the microclimate, but also to the destruction of the walls due to the freezing of the material. Therefore, between the base of the house and the foundation, as well as the walls and base should be laid on the cement mortar stekloizol or roofing material. If we talk about the wooden structure, then it is better to use small bars wrapped with roofing felt.
Steam, windscreen and ventilation
The eaves and roofing overhangs protect the structure from rain. In turn, the dampness, the source of which is the residents of the house themselves (washing, cooking, etc.), will help protect the well-executed ventilation inside the building. The outer part of the house must be protected from wind and moisture.
During operation, boilers, stoves and fireplaces emit heat, heat and chimneys, with the exception of brick structures. However, the danger is not so much a warm chimney, as soot, which is deposited on its walls. Soot can catch fire, which is quite dangerous, especially if there are cracks in the pipe structure.
Today, mounting foam has gained tremendous popularity, with which windows and doors are installed - the material fills the gaps between the box and the wall. However, such a connection is not reliable, and the service life of the foam is much less than the “life” of the house itself. Therefore, fill the voids with the help of better and more reliable materials, including insulation.
The most complex design, especially the roof, made using flat sheet metal. The installation of such a roof is often accompanied by errors such as the use of "paintings" (too wide sheets), the width of which is more than 0.75 m. Due to this, any gust of wind leads to the formation of a strong screen. Another common mistake is the laying of roofing material on a wooden crate. Such a solution will lead to the formation of condensate, subsequent corrosion of the metal and rotting wood.To avoid this, organizing a cold attic with good ventilation will help.