How to grow chickens?
At each stage of growing poultry, the poultry farmer faces different tasks. During the incubation period, you need to get the largest brood size, healthy youngsters. Growing young animals, it is important to observe a uniform growth and simultaneous maturation of birds. Home breeding of chickens is most successful when the poultry breeder reaches the following goals:
- obtaining the optimal number of eggs, incubation quality;
- obtaining the maximum yield of meat from the individual;
- planning the herd growth process in such a way as to achieve both goals simultaneously from the same hens.
The initial stage is the growth of bone tissue, the formation of the skeleton and muscles is especially important. By the end of the tenth week, it is desirable to have an average chicken weight slightly more than 1 kg; on the fifteenth week - 1.5 - 1.6 kg. A further increase in the weight of chickens should be more than 90 g every week. On the sixteenth week - to 175 g. Already on the twentieth - twenty second week, chickens are ready to lay eggs. This is achieved by increasing the feed for each bird, starting from the fifteenth week.
The fifteenth week is a turning point in the physiology of ripening chicken. At this time, it is worthwhile to carry out their last sorting by weight:
- With a weight of less than 1.5 kg, at this age, eggs from a matured individual should be expected to be small, but in large quantities. However, note that they will have defects in the shell. Fertilization in such eggs is low. These chickens will be predisposed to hatching eggs.
- If at 15 weeks the weight of the chicken is more than 1.6 kg, then it will start to lay eggs before the others. Fertility will also be low. Eggs will be large but they will be small. Many will be two yolks.
In the period from the 15th to the 22nd week, the farmer has the last chance to bring the birds to the same weight.
Tricks home breeding chickens
Scientists have figured out how to grow chickens most effectively. It turns out the biological mechanism of puberty in chickens can be controlled by manipulating the lighting. To do this, it is desirable to launch light stimulation in the twentieth - twenty-first week. You can use a specially equipped light-tight chicken coop. The eight-hour daylight hours for all chickens must be strictly observed.Similarly, you can extend the daylight of the chicken coop during the cold season. At the same time, it is necessary to increase the intensity of light emission starting from 10 lux and up to 30-60 lux. Knowledge of these techniques allows even in a small farm to use advanced experience in growing poultry.
Poultry specialists from different countries recommend to sort chickens. Depending on the weight, at the age of 28-35 days, the birds should be divided into groups that are kept separately from each other, each in its own mode. The greatest success is achieved in the group with the most uniform weight of chickens.
Care for chickens
For a healthy bird is very characteristic active feed reception, normal bowel movement, mobility, brilliant clean plumage, which tightly covers the body.
Sick, chickens stop or reduce feed intake. They sit motionlessly at a distance or stand, closing their eyes, dropping their wings, and react weakly to stimuli. The comb at them loses elasticity and color, becomes jaundiced or bluish. He collapses and frowns. Such chickens should be immediately rejected from the herd. It is also necessary to establish the cause of the disease. During the year should also be removed from the herd and poorly rushing hens.
Care for laying hens
If a hen leaves eggs somewhere, it means that the hostess has failed to prepare her for the reproduction season. Before you begin to lay eggs, domestic chicken is under the influence of strong hormonal stress. She rushes around the hen house, flying up from time to time, looking for a convenient place to nest. Right now, the hostess must be vigilant, or she risks dooming herself to a constant search for the lost bird and eggs.
In order to avoid such troubles, it is necessary to put straw or hay in a secluded place in the hen house, and the chicken will arrange a nest for itself there. Or darken a third of the cell with curtains, with cellular content. Then, do not let the hen out for a week for her to get used to her nest. It is important to provide birds with a complete and balanced diet. During the laying period, you will certainly install an additional separate feeder, especially for mineral dressing.
Winter hen care
In winter, chickens live almost all the time in the hen house. In this regard, it is desirable to create comfortable conditions for them.
- To chickens were warm and light.
- Provide good ventilation. This is the key to keeping the hens healthy.However, make sure that there is no draft.
- For the improvement of air, you can arrange juniper fumigation in the hen house in winter. It is useful to inhale herbal vapors not only to birds, but, as is well known, to humans.
- For hygiene and heat, the floor in the chicken coops is covered with peat bedding. Such a floor is always dry. Every week the litter with the top layer is removed.
By the way, this article will be interesting for you - “How to build a chicken coop ?.
Feed in winter
The health of birds in winter will largely depend on the feed.
- Hang brooms of dried nettle, alfalfa or clover in the house to supply the birds with vitamins.
- Add chopped vegetables to the feed - Jerusalem artichoke, pumpkin, carrots.
- It is useful to ferment feed in the winter, to give fish waste or meat.
- Grain should be crushed and steamed.
In winter, chickens really do not have enough fresh air, sun and vitamins. Try to produce chickens in warm weather in the yard or in the pen.